When applying for a trademark, the application gets assessed by an intellectual property office - a government body responsible for overseeing intellectual property rights in a given country. Registration is not guaranteed, and if the examiner discovers a problem preventing the trademark from being registered, they issue a so-called office action.
An office action contains the reasons for the (temporary) dismissal and suggested actions the applicant can take to remedy the situation. However, the legal jargon can leave applicants feeling confused. That's why we put together a list of frequently asked questions about office actions - how they work in general and how to overcome the most common ones.
In our answers, we focus primarily on US trademark law and office actions issued by the USPTO. If a distinction between a general and US-specific answer is needed, we will provide further clarification.